For copper removal by fungal biomass to determine the characteristic functional groups that are responsible for biosorption of copper ions were made biomass's FTIR spectra before and after the biosorption process took place. The bonding mechanism between copper and biomass fungal strain, cyanobacteria or other microorganism can be determined by interpreting the infrared absorption spectrum.
In case of biological degradation of pollutants a significant role can be attributed to biodegradation pathway due to the fact that different biodegradation pathways lead to different biodegradation products. Thus it is important to determine biodegradation pathways. For this purpose FTIR spectroscopy is a relevant tool for rapid determination of the resulting biotransformation product or mixtures.
The structural changing in biodegradation processes can be determined by FTIR analysis. Monitoring stages of composting: FT-IR spectroscopy is a quick and useful method to monitor the composting process. FTIR spectroscopy gives information regarding the stage of organic matter for process and product control, and for process and product control, and for monitoring of landfill remediation monitoring of landfill remediation.
APPLICATIONS OF IR SPECTROSCOPY
Soil Characterization: Soil is a complex medium with important ecological functions. Its functions depend on its characteristics. FTIR spectroscopy can be used to describe soil characteristics in the form of complex multivariate data sets. Thus FTIR spectroscopy has been used to investigate soils at different stages of recovery from degradation following opencast mining and from undisturbed land. Monitoring of nitrate in soil is very important for managing fertilizer application and controlling nitrate leaching.
APPLICATIONS OF IR SPECTROSCOPY | PharmaTutor
This monitoring help to adjust nitrate level in soils in order to maintain the soil fertility, or to detect soil pollution. Monitoring Bioremediation process: The biodegradation process can be monitored by FTIR spectroscopy. Bioremediation is defined as the elimination, attenuation or transformation of polluting or contaminating substances by the use of biological processes. After isolation of the bacterial strains, FTIR spectra helps to identify isolated bacterial strains have substantial potential to remediate the hydrocarbon contaminated soils.
Analysis of different processes: ATR-FTIR spectroscopy to be used for analysis of processes at surfaces, surface modification surface degradation, study of enzymatic degradation of a substrate film attached to a solid surface study of sunscreens on human skin research of cereal, food and wood systems detection of microbial metabolic products on carbonate mineral surfaces, self-assembled thin films, grafted polymer layers, adsorption processes of biological and synthetic materials. Identification of radionuclides waste: Other Applications I.
Identification of polymers and polymer blends. Indirect verification of trace organic contaminants on surfaces. Thin film analysis. Analysis of adhesives, coatings and adhesion promoters or coupling agents. Small visible particle chemical analysis. Analysis of stains and surface blemishes remnant from cleaning and degreasing processes combined with optical microscopy.
Analysis of resins, composite materials and release films. Solvent extractions of leachable or contaminants, plasticisers, mould release agents and weak boundary layers coupled with XPS surface chemical analysis techniques. Identification of rubbers and filled rubbers. Determination of degrees of crystallinity in polymers. Compararive chain lengths in organics. Author Spotlight Rajesh Kumar Sharma. Manjunatha Gowda Thondihalu. Comments on this article: Thanks for this good quality, free flowing and informative write up.
It will be helpful to beginars. I want to ask you that I have little problem in interpretation of some material blending related FTIR spectrum. Can you help me to interpretation? Priti Raj Pandita - Author.
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Trivedi Published: Share this article: Infrared spectroscopy possesses a high potential for bacterial typing at distinct taxonomic levels and worthy of further developments and systematization. The development of databases appears fundamental toward the establishment of infrared spectroscopy as a viable method for bacterial typing. Volume 13 , Issue 1. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account.
If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Review Free Access. Cristina Quintelas Dr. Ferreira Dr. Lopes Dr. Clara Sousa Corresponding Author E-mail address: First published: Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation. Share Give access Share full text access. Share full text access. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article.
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You previously purchased this article through ReadCube. Institutional Login. Log in to Wiley Online Library. Purchase Instant Access. View Preview. Learn more Check out. Abstract The sustained emergence of new declared bacterial species makes typing a continuous challenge for microbiologists. Citing Literature Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Volume 13 , Issue 1 Special Issue: